November 16, 2015 Comments Off on Class: Monday, Nov. 16, 2015
A wet day today. It rains on and off, sometimes it rains and stops. It is warm, not cold like you would expect in November. I want cold weather to come and stay. I do not like warm days in the late autumn or winter.
Our story is from: People and Places. We started to read about George Washington Carver. He was a very famous American scientist. He was black man. He was born a slave during the Civil War. His mother was a slave. They lived on a farm that belonged to a farmer named Mr. Carver. The mother and baby were slaves, they belonged to Mr. Carver.
Night riders came to the Carver farm to steal the slaves. Night riders stole shares at night, took the slaves to Texas, and sold the slaves in Texas. The night riders stole the mother, but did not take the baby. The baby lived with the farmer and his wife. The Carvers did not have children. They took care of George and raised him like a son.
George Washington Carver was a sickly child. He was weak. He could not do hard work on the farm. He made his own garden on the farm with plants from the woods. He grew his plants better than anyone else in the area. They called him the “plant doctor”.
We will continue the story…
Simple Present Tense
Add –es 3rd person singular with:
- verbs that end in z, x, s, ss, sh, ch and o.
- verbs that end in y preceded by a consonant, change y to i and then add –es.
- Add do not / don't or does not / doesn't before the base form of the verb.
- Do not change the base verb form.
Place do or does before the subject to create a question.
April 9, 2015 § Leave a comment
This is an out line of what we covered. I had more details, we worked on many examples and other things as they came up.
I asked about Monday’s class. What they did.
We reviewed the basics of what we have long been doing: (for new student)
- Simple present, past and future
- Progressive past, present and future – stressed only To Be changes for the tense. To Be + -ing of verb.
- Regular and irregular verbs – need to start presenting irregular verbs!
- To Like: it needs an object. You should never say “I like.” – even in conversation when we know what you are referring to. You like something, someone, or at the least use ” it”.
We continued Comparative and Superlative.
- Must have at least two things, or more, to compare
- Using “than”
- Examples as a class, including -y to -ier as in tiniest
- You can only have one, “the best” “the shortest” “the nicest”
- Using “the”
- Examples as a class, including, -y to -iest
(New student brought this up. Excellent!). Noted that most long, multi-syllable, words do not follow this format. Instead they use words like:
- Some, many, more than, much more than, the most
The subject controls the verb/action/does something, something/someone receives the action.
- He hit my dog. (Not!) Have examples of hit: hit song, hit a car, hit the ball, hit the mark, etc.
- She threw a ball.
- They play games.
Objects of Prepositions
- At, with, to
- Not sure what I did here – notes are vague. Let’s make something up…
- She played with him. She talked to him.
- The dog barked at a squirrel.
- When they receive the verb action, including with prepositions (see above).
- me, you, him, her, it, us, them, you
- I like her.
- She hit him. (A lot of violence today! Hit is easiest to demonstrate.)
They liked this class a lot.
- Create online exercises for Comparative and Superlative – done.
- Remember to prepare Irregular Verbs – some learning, portable practice, format. Cards? Online cards? Both?
October 30, 2014 § Leave a comment
Today we had Ye and B. So I changed the plan. It was a chance to review some basics. A couple of situations came up. Ye phoned G – how to say G did not answer? A question came up with “What do you do”. So I started with those. We eventually went on to the To Be exercises on the computer. I also downloaded Google Translate to Ye’s phone – she rocks it!
“She is not answering the phone” when you are calling and waiting for an answer. This is Present Continuous.
“She did not answer the phone.” After the call, after you hang up. This is Simple Past.
“What do you do?”
When someone asks you, “What do you do?” They usually mean – what to you do for a job, your work.
“I teach.” “I clean houses.” Use the Simple Present form meaning “in general”.
“What do you do?” Vs. “What are you doing?”
- “What do you do?” Is usually about your work. “I teach.” It is Simple Present, in general.
- “What are you doing?” This means right now, the present. While you are talking. This is Present Continuous (-ing).
A friend may call you and ask, “What are you doing?” You answer, “I am watching TV.” “I am cooking.”
There can be more words added to “What do you do…?” to be specific:
- “What do you do for fun?” You answer about something that you like to do, “I like to walk in the park.”
- “What do you do on Wednesdays?” Notice that is WednesdayS. More than one. This mean what do you do every Wednesday. “I go to class.” Simple Present Again, something you do in general, regularly – not just one special time.
- To Be
- To Want – to desire something (Went is the Past Tense of To Go)
- Regular with verbs means normal, predictable: they all work the same.
- Regular Verbs add -ed in the Simple Past Tense.
- Irregular Verbs are not normal, not predictable: they change to different words in Simple Past.
- We started the Simple Present and Simple Past of To Be, plus negative – “not”.
- There are 10 pages to do. It starts simple and gets more difficult with each page.
- We got through Exercise 5. B stayed after class and kept working. I don’t know how far she finished.
April 3, 2014 § Leave a comment
Everyone was here! That was wonderful. The class was not. I was off my game. It was not interesting, but apparently necessary practice.
Grammar: review basic
We reviewed Present Tense only
- To Be Simple Present
- Regular Verbs – emphasis on 3rd person singular: just add an ‘s’ (or ‘es’) – the rest are the same. Simple, but difficult it seems. Short cuts don’t work well for some.
- Present Contiuous
I handed out 4 worksheets total, 2 on Present Continuous. I spent time spread eagle at the board, rocking back and forth between the To Be and the Present Participle halves of the board. To create a quick, automatic, response. No time to stare and think. Just do! It is easy! And entertaining.
Unit 2 – the first page with an illustration of people at a mall.
A verbal exercise. I asked questions and they answered. We were able to use Present Continuous a lot. Plus some observation questions: What is this place? Why do you think that? What kind of store is that? (A baby store – where you buy things for babies) – why is the couple looking at the baby store? What is he doing? Etc. Complete thoughts and sentences.
It went very well, I was impressed by their answers.
(I happened to note that Unit 2 goes into Continuous – luck!)
- Forming questions with To Be
- To Have
- Unit 2 continue
- Something interesting – a story, computer activity.
- The Paragraph
Class site 4:
I am creating extremely simple grammar quizzes on for the computer. Short, easily repeatable when needed. Especially To Be – then I don’t have to keep taking up class time to drive it into their brains. Maybe. I have just barely begun and not planned out the organization yet:
- I need to list what quizzes I have created somewhere – for easy reference/access…an archive page on the site.
- Try: publish quizzes as posts, not pages.
- Categorize quizzes carefully for archive page and to list categories on site pages.
- Use detailed tags
March 12, 2014 § Leave a comment
Good class! G and Y. We finally started Flashcards and got to the computers. School printer was not working, so we did not do the worksheets. The sheets are printed versions of the computer exercises.
A). Paragraph about weather. Combined ‘last Sunday’ and ‘today’…I erased everything before recording it.
- We changed the tenses from past and present to present and future. Went well.
- Made Flashcards from words in the Paragraph. Forgot to write the paragraph and word list! Get it from G’s notes.
B). We did the exercises listed in Computer Lab – Basic Simple Present. Went very well. I had the pages on the big wall screen as we went through each page. Should have done that long ago.
- I need to show them how to use Flashcards!
- Watch that the blank and lined sides remain consistent for English on one side – Spanish or definition on the other side.
- Translation is okay for now – ideally move to definitions, pics or other non-translation cues.
February 26, 2014 § Leave a comment
Full class! M, Y and G.
Quick Paragraph not used.
It is very cold again now. The sky is grey, it is not sunny outside. It rained early this morning, a lot of rain. We need the rain, we are in a drought. It was 80 degrees a couple of days ago. Then it was very sunny. It was not rainy. It was not cold.
I will review Simple Present for To Be and regular verbs to prepare for the Computer Lab.
Reviewed substituting pronouns and nouns for correlating verb tenses
Example paragraph for noun pronoun substituting:
Yesterday a man was singing. The man was walking a dog. Then the man saw a cat. The cat ran away. The man chased the cat.
First sub ‘he’ for the man, then ‘two children’ = they, ‘my son’ = he, ‘my daughter’ = she, …
We worked on substituting, we all weren’t quite ready for the computer exercises. Next Class: I will distribute the worksheets below FIRST, THEN COMPUTER LAB:
Pronunciation, spelling and defined talk vs take, talked vs took.
October 23, 2013 § Leave a comment
Attendance – Ania and Joanna
Ania has returned! Yay! Joanna baked an organic cake using her grandmother’s recipe. She explained the recipe and instructions to Ania. That was fun. It is very simple, moist and delicious.
I am missing my notes from last week. I need to sit and recall what we did.
Today I reviewed Present Simple vs Continuous per post. Using Do/Don’t Does/Doesn’t. Statements and forming questions. A couple of key phrases – Could you repeat that? I did not understand what you said, plus.
Somehow – oh yes, Joanna’s bus ride – we talked about Drunk. Being drunk vs being a drunk=drunkard. And the verb to Drink. And crazy people on the bus.
We discussed the, re-assigned, homework about American Citizenship: why yes or no? I asked questions and noted key terms on the board. Good discussion. Next week I will have them write in their notebooks for me to collect and check. In this case, it is not impromptu, I will be tighter on the corrections. As I had them think and write it out first.
Next week Ania will bring cake! I guess my turn is coming up. 😦 Oh dear!