December 17, 2014 § Leave a comment
Today it is gray and chilly. I am pleased about the cold. Yay! Oh, and then it rained. Just G and I today. She gave me lovely gifts! Matching necklace, earrings, and ring, and a soft, sparkly wrap. Awesome! I will take her to lunch, and we can eat and chat. Wonderful.
To Have – intro and To Do – into
As a Main Verb
To Have as is used as a main verb to indicate possession of objects, characteristics, relationships and other qualities.
To Have is also used as a main verb to express a number of actions:
- have breakfast, lunch, dinner, snack
- have fun
- have a baby
- have a fit
- have time available
- have questions
- have a party
- have a discussion, fight, argument etc.
The verb to do is used in a number of different ways in English. To do can be used as an auxiliary verb, a verb to speak about action in general, as well as combining with many nouns to express taking care of various tasks.
To Do – Main Verb
To do is used as a principal verb in many set phrases used with the various tasks we do around the house and at work. To do is generally used to express tasks we do, rather than things we make. Of course, there are some exceptions to the rules. Here are some of the main set phrases about tasks we do:
do the dishes
do yard work
I’ll do the dishes if you make dinner.
Sheila tries to do sport at least three times a week.
He’s done that exercise a number of times.
NOTE: To do exercise is used with a number of different types of exercise. Generally, we use ‘play’ with competitive sports, ‘go’ with activities such as walking, riding, and hiking. ‘Do’ is used with exercises such as yoga, karate, etc.
Jennifer did yoga for two hours this morning.
I try to do some exercises like sit-ups and push-ups every morning.
James does pilates at his local gym.
To Do – Auxiliary Verb
To do is also used as an auxiliary verb in the simple tenses. Remember that the auxiliary verb takes the conjugation in English, so the verb to do will change depending on the tense. Remember that ‘to do’ is used as an auxiliary verb only in the question and negative form. Here is a quick review of the tenses that use to do as an auxiliary verb:
She doesn’t like tofu.
Do you enjoy rock ‘n roll?
Mary didn’t visit her aunt last week.
Did they talk about the economy?
To Do – General Use Verb
To do is used as the main verb when asking general questions about what happens, is happening, is going to happen, etc.
What are you doing?
What will you do?
What have they done?
What do you do on Saturdays?
Do vs. Make
‘Do’ for Activities
Use the verb ‘do’ to express daily activities or jobs. Notice that these are usually activities that produce no physical object.
do the ironing
do the dishes
do a job
‘Do’ for General Ideas
Use the verb ‘do’ when speaking about things in general. In other words, when we do not exactly name an activity. This form is often used with the words ‘something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.’
I’m not doing anything today.
He does everything for his mother.
She’s doing nothing at the moment.
Important Expressions with ‘Do’
There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb ‘do’. These are standard collocations (verb + noun combinations) that are used in English.
do one’s best
do a favour
December 11, 2014 § Leave a comment
Today we had G and B. We started with chatting.
- 2 worksheets – with answer explained in English.
- B did the Present Continuous games and started The Wind and The Sun – Aesop’s fable with questions.
- G repeated The Wind and The Sun quiz. She started The Princess and The Pea.
- I printed out The Princess and The Pea, with quiz – so they can work at home.
- The Princess and The Pea with quiz – Computer Lab
- Work on using Present Simple vs Continous – verbally
- Possible quiz on Present Simple vs Continuous. Structure of questions?
- Present a scenario – choose which to use to relay the info.
- Your friend calls. You cannot talk. Verb: cook
- What do you do? Answer should be your occupation, not activity.
- What are you doing? Answer should be Continuous, activity right now.
- Why can’t she go out? Verb: sleep
- When do you usually go to class? Key word: usually = in general = Simple Present.
- When to use each.
- Use in conversation.
Explore E’s idea to have students listen to each other, take notes and answer give the info or answer questions…
Modify: w Post Office? Not really enough students currently?
- Tell one student a funny/silly story.
- Sequence of actions – variety of verbs, with adjectives /adverbs for details.
- One student tells the same story to another student, and so on.
- The last student tells the class.
- Verb tense
- Numbers of each noun – singular or plural
- Descriptive details – like color, size, quickly, happily
- Storyteller cannot help the listener write.
- No interpretation/translation.
December 3, 2014 § Leave a comment
Today we had a small class. At first it was G and I. Then S joined us a little later.
We continued with Present Continuous/Progressive:
(bold texts are links)
- Very quick review of forming Continuous: to be & -ing verb. Past, present, and future.
- A simple quiz and several games on the computer.
- One game combined Present Simple and Present Continuous – the student had to decide if it is Simple or Continuous, and then pick the correct verb form. Snakes and Ladders.
- From my (burgeoning) Practice Your Engish! site, I had them read The Wind and The Sun, an Aesop’s fable.
- There are questions to answer after the reading passage. http://toni-english.com/quiz/2014/12/01/the-wind-and-the-sun-a-quiz/
Note: place a Try Again button after the questions on The Wind and The Sun
Send link to story w/quiz to L and S via email